Creating a foundation for a lifetime of beautiful smiles
We usually treat early, only if there are Safety, Social, or Skeletal, Spacing or Sleep issues

What Is the Advantage of Two-Phase Orthodontic Treatment?

Two-phase orthodontic treatment is a specialized process that combines tooth straightening and physical, facial changes. The purpose of two-phase treatment is to maximize the opportunity to accomplish the ideal healthy, functional, and aesthetic result that will remain stable throughout your child’s life.

What If Treatment Is Put Off?

Putting off treatment can result in a need for more invasive treatment later in life that may not completely fix your child’s smile. Early treatment is most effective for achieving lasting results.

Phase One

The goal of Phase One treatment is to help the jaw develop in a way that will accommodate all of the permanent teeth and improve the way the upper and lower jaws fit together. Children often exhibit early signs of jaw problems as they grow and develop. An upper jaw that is growing too much or is too narrow can be recognized at an early age. If children over the age of six are found to have this jaw discrepancy, they are candidates for early orthodontic treatment. Also, if children around the age of eight have crowded front teeth, early treatment can prevent the need to extract permanent teeth later.

Planning now can save your child’s smile later: Children benefit tremendously from early-phase treatment. Receiving early treatment may prevent the removal of permanent teeth later in life, or the need for surgical procedures to realign the jaws.

We generally recommend early treatment:

  • If there is a Safety issue.
  • If there is a Social issue.
  • If there is a Skeletal issue.
  • If there is a Spacing issue.
  • If there is a Sleep issue.

Early treatment can consist of several treatment modalities:

  • Expanders to widen the jaws and teeth.
  • Partial braces to align the teeth.
  • Invisalign to align the teeth and jaws.
  • Mandibular advancement appliances to realign the jaws.
  • Appliances to control the growth of both jaws.

Resting Period

In this phase, the remaining permanent teeth are left alone as they erupt. Retaining devices may not be recommended if they would interfere with eruption. It is best to allow the existing permanent teeth some freedom of movement. A successful first phase will have created room for permanent teeth to find an eruption path. Otherwise, they may become impacted or severely displaced.

  • Monitoring the teeth’s progress: At the end of the first phase of treatment, teeth are not in their final positions. This will be determined and accomplished in the second phase of treatment. Selective removal of certain primary (baby) teeth may be in the best interest of enhancing eruption during this resting phase. Therefore, periodic recall appointments for observation are necessary, usually on a six-month basis.

Phase Two

The goal of the second phase is to make sure each tooth has an exact location in the mouth where it is in harmony with the lips, cheeks, tongue, and other teeth. When this equilibrium is established, the teeth will function together properly. Phase Two usually involves full upper and lower treatment…braces or Invisalign.

The second phase begins when all permanent teeth have erupted, and usually requires braces or Invisalign on all the teeth for an average of 18 months. Retainers are worn after this phase to ensure your child retains his or her beautiful smile.